Schiano Pierre

Schiano_Pierre

Professeur des Universités, UCA-OPGC
Équipe de Pétrologie
Directeur de CLERVOLC
Bureau: 0.56 - LMV Cezeaux
Téléphone: 04.73.34.67.57
Courriel : P.Schiano@opgc.univ-bpclermont.fr

  • Thèmes de Recherche :

    Mes travaux s’inscrivent dans une thématique générale qui a pour but d’identifier directement la composition des magmas primaires issus de la fusion du manteau terrestre, d’étudier leurs modalités de genèse et de préciser la nature de leurs sources profondes.
    J’emploie pour cela une double approche basée sur :

    • L’utilisation des inclusions magmatiques préservées au sein des minéraux ignés et mantelliques, soit en tant qu’échantillon direct des magmas primaires, soit en tant qu’environnement expérimental naturel de cristallisation et dissolution.
    • L’utilisation des compositions isotopiques et élémentaires des laves, pour identifier les sources mantelliques et caractériser les processus d’évolution et formation des magmas.

    Activités professionnelles :

    • Professeur de pétrologie, Université Blaise Pascal, depuis 1999
    • Chercheur invité, California Institute of Technology (Caltech, USA) (1998-1999)
    • Physicien Adjoint, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP) (1992-1999)
    • ATER, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP) (1991-1992)

  • Principales responsabilités scientifiques et administratives :

    • Directeur de l’I-SITE CAP 20-25 (2017-)
    • Directeur du Laboratoire d’Excellence ClerVolc : Centre Clermontois de recherche sur le Volcanisme (2011-)
    • Directeur du Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans (2007-2016)
    • Vice-président de l’Université Clermont Auvergne, en charge des Programme des Investissements d’Avenir ( 2017-).
    • Chargé de mission « Recherche et Indicateurs scientifiques » de l’Université Blaise Pascal (2009-2011)
    • Editeur associé International Journal of Earth Science (Springer ed.) (2006-)
    • Membre du comité d’évaluation du programme Accueil de Chercheurs de Haut Niveau @RAction de l’ANR (2014-2016)
    • Membre du comité “Sciences de l’Univers et Géosciences” de l’ANR (programmes Blanc et Jeunes Chercheurs) (2006-2009)

  • Distinctions :

    • Médaille de bronze du CNRS (1996)
    • Membre junior de l’Institut Universitaire de France (2001-2006)
    • Médaille Barrabé de la Société Géologique de France (2001)
    • Membre sénior de l’Institut Universitaire de France (2013-2017)
    • Chevalier de l’ordre des palmes académiques (2013)

  • Publications depuis 2010 :

    Rang A :

    Valer M., Schiano P., Bachelery P., Geochemical characteristics of the La Réunion mantle plume source inferred from olivine-hosted melt inclusions from the adventive cones of Piton de la Fournaise volcano (La Réunion Island), Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. (2017) 172:74. DOI 10.1007/s00410-017-1397-2

    Valer M., Bachelery P., Schiano P., The petrogenesis of plagioclase-ultraphyric basalts from La Réunion Island, J. Petrol 58, 675-698, 2017. doi: 10.1093/petrology/egx030

    • Choi H.O., Choi S.H., Schiano P., Cho M., Cluzel N., Devidal J.L., Ha K. (2017). Geochemistry of olivine-hosted melt inclusions in the Baekdusan (Changbaishan) basalts: Implications for recycling of oceanic crustal materials into the mantle source. Lithos vol.284-285, p.194-206, doi:10.106/j.lithos.2017.04.006.
    • Gannoun A.M., Burton K.W., Day J.M.D., Harvey J., Schiano P., Parkinson I. (2016). Highly Siderophile Element and Os Isotope Systematics of Volcanic Rocks at Divergent and Convergent Plate Boundaries and in Intraplate Settings. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry vol.81, p.651-724, doi:10.2138/rmg.2016.81.11.
    • Schiavi F., Provost A., Schiano P., Cluzel N. (2016). P–V–T–X evolution of olivine-hosted melt inclusions during high-temperature homogenization treatment. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta vol.172, p.1-21, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2015.09.025.
    • Gannoun A.M., Burton K.W., Barfod D.N., Schiano P., Vlastélic I., Halliday A.N. (2015). Resolving mantle and magmatic processes in basalts from the Cameroon volcanic line using the Re–Os isotope system. Lithos vol.224-225, p.1-12, doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2015.02.017.
    • Gannoun A.M., Vlastélic I., Schiano P. (2015). Escape of unradiogenic osmium during sub-aerial lava degassing: Evidence from fumarolic deposits, Piton de la Fournaise, Réunion Island. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta vol.166, p.312-326, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2015.06.039.
    • Laporte D., Lambart S., Schiano P., Ottolini L. (2014). Experimental derivation of nepheline syenite and phonolite liquids by partial melting of upper mantle peridotites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 404, 319-331. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.08.002.
    • Le Voyer M., Asimow P.D., Mosenfelder J.L., Guan Y., Wallace P.J., Schiano P., Stolper E.M., Eiler J.M. (2014). Zonation of H2O, Cl, and F concentrations around melt inclusions in olivines. Journal of Petrology 55, 685-707. .
    • Chen Y., Provost A., Schiano P., Cluzel N. (2013). Magma ascent rate and initial water concentration inferred from diffusive water loss from olivine-hosted melt inclusions: Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, v. 165, p. 525-541. doi:10.1007/s00410-012-0821-x.
    • Choi S., Schiano P., Chen Y., Devidal J.L., Choo M., Lee J.I. (2013). Melt inclusions in olivine and plagioclase phenocrysts from Antarctic-Phoenix Ridge basalts: Implications for origins of N- and E-type MORB parent magmas: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 253, p. 75-86. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.12.008.
    • Lambart S., Laporte D., Schiano P. (2013). Markers of the pyroxenite contribution in the major-element compositions of oceanic basalts: Review of the experimental constraints: Lithos, v. 160-161, p. 14-36. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2012.11.018.
    • Sorbadere F., Médard E., Laporte D., Schiano P. (2013). Experimental melting of hydrous peridotite–pyroxenite mixed sources: Constraints on the genesis of silica-undersaturated magmas beneath volcanic arcs: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 384, p. 42-56. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.09.026.
    • Sorbadère F., Schiano P., Metrich N. (2013). Constraints on the Origin of Nepheline-Normative Primitive Magmas in Island Arcs Inferred from Olivine-hosted Melt Inclusion Compositions. Journal of Petrology vol.54, p.215-233, 2, doi:10.1093/petrology/egs063.
    • Sorbadère F., Schiano P., Métrich N., Bertagnini A. (2013). Small-scale coexistence of island-arc- and enriched-MORB-type basalts in the central Vanuatu arc: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 166, p. 1305-1321. doi:10.1007/s00410-013-0928-8.
    • Lambart S., Laporte D., Provost A., Schiano P. (2012). Fate of Pyroxenite-derivedMelts in the Peridotitic Mantle: Thermodynamic and Experimental Constraints. Journal of Petrology 53, 451-476. doi:10.1093/petrology/egr068.
    • Moune S., Sigmarsson O., Schiano P., Thordarson T., Keiding J.K. (2012). Melt inclusion constraints on the magma source of Eyjafjallajökull 2010 flank eruption. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth vol.117, p.B00C07, doi:10.1029/2011JB008718.
    • Rose-Koga E., Koga K., Schiano P., Le Voyer M., Shimizu N., Whitehouse M.J., Clocchiatti R. (2012). Mantle source heterogeneity for South Tyrrhenian magmas revealed by Pb isotopes and halogen contents of olivine-hosted melt inclusions. Chemical Geology 334, 266-279. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2012.10.033.
    • Schiano P., David K., Vlastélic I., Gannoun A.M., Klein M., Nauret F., Bonnand P. (2012). Osmium isotope systematics of historical lavas from Piton de la Fournaise (Re´union Island, Indian Ocean). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 164, 805-820. doi:10.1007/s00410-012-0774-0.
    • Charlier B., Namur O., Toplis M.J., Schiano P., Cluzel N., Higgins M.D., Vander Auwera J. (2011). Large-scale silicate liquid immiscibility during differentiation of tholeiitic basalt to granite and the origin of the Daly gap: Geology, v. 39, p. 907-910. doi:10.1130/G32091.1.
    • Chen Y., Provost A., Schiano P., Cluzel N. (2011). The rate of water loss from olivine-hosted melt inclusions: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 162, p. 625-636. doi:10.1007/s00410-011-0616-5.
    • Sonzogni Y., Provost A., Schiano P. (2011). Transcrystalline melt migration in clinopyroxene: Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, v. 161, p. 497-510. doi:10.1007/s00410-010-0545-8.
    • Sorbadere F., Schiano P., Métrich N., Garaebiti E. (2011). Insights into the origin of primitive silica-undersaturated arc magmas of Aoba volcano (Vanuatu arc): Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, v. 162, p. 995-1009. doi:10.1007/s00410-011-0636-1.
    • Harvey J., Gannoun A.M., Burton K.W., Schiano P., Rogers N.W., Alard O. (2010). Unravelling the effects of melt depletion and secondary infiltration on mantle Re–Os isotopes beneath the French Massif Central. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, 293-320. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2009.09.031.
    • Le Voyer M., Rose-Koga E., Shimizu N., Grove T., Schiano P. (2010). Two contrasting volatile element compositions in primary melt inclusions from Mount Shasta. Journal of Petrology, 51, 1571-1595. doi:10.1093/petrology/egq030.
    • Schiano P., Monzier M., Eissen J.P., Martin H., Koga K. (2010). Simple mixing as the major control of the evolution of volcanic suites in the Ecuadorian Andes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 160, 297-312. doi:10.1007/s00410-009-0478-2.
    • Trua T., Clocchiatti R., Schiano P., Ottolini L., Marani M. (2010). The role of mantle flow in the Southern Tyrrhenian back-arc spreading centre: evidence from olivine-hosted melt inclusions from Marsili seamount. Lithos, 118, 1-16. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2010.03.008.

    Publications avant 2010 :

    Publications Référencées dans HAL

     

    Lambart S., Laporte D., Schiano P., An experimental study of pyroxenite partial melts at 1 and 1.5 GPa: Implications for the major element composition of Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalts, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 288, 335-347, 2009.

    Millet M.A., Doucelance R., Baker J. and Schiano P., Reconsidering the origins of isotopic variations in Ocean Island Basalts; Insights from fine-scale study of São Jorge Island, Azores archipelago, Chem. Geol. 265, 289-302, 2009.

    Le Voyer M., Rose-Koga E., Laubier, M. Schiano P., Petrogenesis of arc lavas from the Rucu Pichincha and Pan de Azucar volcanoes (Ecuadorian arc): major, trace element and boron isotope evidences from olivine-hosted melt inclusions, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. (G3), 9, Q12027, doi:10.1029/2008GC002173, 2009.

    Lambart S., Laporte D., Schiano P., An experimental study of focused magma transport and basalt–peridotite interactions beneath mid-ocean ridges: implications for the generation of primitive MORB compositions, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 157, 429-451, 2009.

    Millet M.A., Doucelance R., Schiano P., David K. and Bosq C., Mantle plume heterogeneity versus shallow-level interactions: A case study, the São Nicolau Island, Cape Verde archipelago, J. Volcan. Geotherm. Res. 176, 265-276, 2008.

    Eiler J.M., Schiano P., Walley J.W., Kita N.T. and Stolper E.M., Oxygen-isotope and trace element constraints on the origins of silica-rich melts in the subarc mantle, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. (G3), 8, Q09012, doi:10.1029/2006GC001503, 2007.

    Gannoun A., Burton K.W., Parkinson I.J., Alard O., Schiano P. and Thomas L.E., The scale and origin of the osmium isotope variations in mid-ocean ridge basalts, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 259, 541-556, 2007.

    Laubier M., Schiano P., Doucelance R., Ottolini L. and Laporte D., Olivine-hosted melt inclusions and melting processes beneath the FAMOUS zone (Mid-Atlantic ridge) Chem. Géol. 240, 129-150, 2007.

    Faure, F., Schiano P., Trolliard G., Nicollet C. and Soulestin B., Textural evolution of polyhedral olivine experiencing rapid cooling rate, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 153, 405-416, 2007.

    Schiano P., Provost A., Clocchiatti R. and Faure, F. Transcrystalline melt migration driven by natural thermal gradients, Science 314, 970-974, 2006.

    Médard E., Schmidt M.W., Schiano P. and Ottolini L., Melting of amphibole-bearing wehrlites: an experimental study on the origin of ultracalcic nepheline-normative melts, J. Petrol. 47, 481-504, 2006.

    Debaille V., Doucelance R., Weis D. and Schiano P., Multi-stage mixing in subduction zones: application to Merapi Volcano (Java island, Sunda arc), Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 70, 723-741, 2006.

    Debaille V., Blichert-Toft J., Agranier A., Doucelance R., Schiano P. and F. Albarède., Geochemical component systematics in MORB from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 22-35°N”, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 241, 844-862, 2006.

    Faure F. and Schiano P., Experimental investigations of equilibration conditions during forsterite growth and melt inclusion formation, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 236, 882-898, 2005.

    Jannot S., Schiano P. and Boivin P., Melt inclusions in scoria and associated mantle xenoliths of Puy Beaunit volcano, Chaîne des Puys, Massif Central, France, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 149, 600-612, 2005.

    Agranier A., Blichert-Toft J., Graham D., Debaille V., Schiano P. and Albarède F., The spectra of isotopic heterogeneities along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 238, 96-109, 2005.

    Escrig S., Schiano P., Schilling J.G. and Allègre C., Osmium isotopes in basalt glasses from the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge (40°-50°S), Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 235, 528-548, 2005.

    Schiano P., Clocchiatti R., L. Ottolini and A. Sbrana, the relationship between potassic, calc-alkaline and Na-Alkaline magmatism in south italy volcanoes: a melt inclusion approach, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 220, 121-137, 2004.

    Medard E., Schmidt M.W. and Schiano P., Liquidus surfaces of ultracalcic primitive melts : formation conditions and sources, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 148, 201-215, 2004.

    Maumus J., Laporte D. and Schiano P., Dihedral angle measurements and infiltration property of SiO2-rich melts in mantle peridotite assemblages, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 148, 1-12, 2004.

    Faure F. and Schiano P., Crystal morphologies in pillow basalt : Consequences for mid-ocean ridge processes, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 220, 331-344, 2004.

    Gannoun A., Burton K.W., Thomas L.E., Parkinson I.J. and Schiano P., Osmium Isotope Heterogeneity in the Constituent Phases of Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalts, Science 303, 70-73, 2004.

    Schiano P., Clocchiatti R., Boivin P. and Médard E., The nature of melt inclusions inside minerals in ultramafic cumulates from island arcs (Adak volcanic center, Aleutian arc): Implications for the origin of high-Al basalts, Chem. Geol. 203, 169-179, 2004.

    Schiano P., Primitive mantle magmas recorded as melt inclusions in igneous minerals, Earth Sci. Rev. 63, 121-144, 2003.

    Burton K.W., Gannoun A., Birck J.L., Allègre C., Schiano P., Clocchiatti R. and Alard O.M.F., The compatibility of rhenium and osmium in natural olivine and their behaviour during mantle melting and basalt genesis, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 198, 63-76, 2002.

    Alves S., Schiano P., Capmas F. and Allegre C., Osmium isotope binary mixing arrays in arc volcanism, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 198, 355-369, 2002.

    Schiano P., Clocchiatti R., Ottolini L. and Busà T., Transition of Mount Etna lavas from a mantle-plume to an island-arc magmatic source, Nature 412, 900-904, 2001.

    Schiano P., Burton K.W., Dupré B., Birck J.L., Guille G. and Allegre C., Correlated Os-Pb-Nd-Sr isotopes in the Austral-Cook chain basalts : The nature of mantle components in plume sources, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 186, 527-537, 2001.

    Sajona F.G., Maury R.C., Prouteau G., Cotten J., Schiano P., Bellon H. and Fontaine L., Slab melt as metasomatic agent in island arc magma mantle sources, Negros and Batan (Philippines), The Island Arc 9, 472-486, 2000.

    Burton K.W., Schiano P., Birck J.L., Allegre C., Rehkämper M., Halliday A.N., and Dawson J.B., The distribution and behaviour of rhenium and osmium amongst mantle minerals and the age of the lithospheric mantle beneath Tanzania, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 183, 93-106, 2000.

    Schiano P., Eiler J.M., Hutcheon I.D. and Stolper E.M., Primitive CaO-rich, silica-undersaturated melts in island arcs : evidence for the involvement of clinopyroxene-rich lithologies in the petrogenesis of arc magmas, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst (G3), 1, 1018, doi:10.1029/1999GC000032, 2000.

    David K., Schiano P. and Allegre C., Assessment of the Zr/Hf fractionation in oceanic basalts and continental materials during petrogenetic processes, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 178, 285-301, 2000.

    Eiler J.M., Schiano P., Kitchen N. and Stolper E.M., Oxygen-isotope evidence for recycled crust in the sources of mid-ocean ridge basalts, Nature 403, 530-534, 2000.

    Schiano P., Clocchiatti R., Bourdon B., Burton K. and Thellier B., The composition of melt inclusions in minerals at the garnet-spinel transition zone, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 174, 375-383, 2000.

    Burton K.W., Schiano P., Birck J.L. and Allegre C., Osmium isotopic disequilibrium between mantle minerals in a spinel-lherzolite, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 172, 311-322, 1999.

    Schiano P. and Bourdon B., On the preservation of mantle information in ultramafic nodules : glass inclusions within minerals versus interstitial glasses, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 169, 173-188, 1999.

    Alves S., Schiano P. and Allegre C., Rhenium-Osmium isotopic investigation of Java subduction zone lavas, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 168, 65-77, 1999.

    Metrich N., Schiano P., Clocchiatti R. and Maury R., Transfert of sulfur in subduction settings : An example from Batan Island (Luzon volcanic arc, Philippines), Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 167, 1-14, 1999.

    Varela M.E., Kurat G., Clocchiatti R. and Schiano P., Silicic glasses in hydrous and anhydrous mantle xenoliths from Western Victoria, Australia : At least two different sources, Chem. Geol. 153, 151-169, 1999.

    Clocchiatti R., Schiano P., Ottolini L. and Bottazzi P., Earlier alkaline and tholeiitic magmatic pulsation of Mt Etna volcano, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 163, 399-407, 1998.

    Schiano P., Bourdon B., Clocchiatti R., Massare D., Varela M.E. and Bottinga Y., Low-degree partial melting trends recorded in upper mantle minerals, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 160, 537-550, 1998.

    Varela M.E., Kurat G., Clocchiatti R. and Schiano P., The ubiquitous presence of silica-rich glass inclusions in mafic minerals : evidence from Earth, Mars, Moon, and the aubrite parent body, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33, 1041-1051, 1998.

    (Varela M.E., Clocchiatti R., Massare D. and Schiano P., Metasomatism in sub-continental mantle beneath Northern Patagonia (Rio Negro Province), Argentine : Evidence from silica-rich melt inclusions, Mineral. Petrol. 62, 103-121, 1998.

    Schiano P., Lorand J.-P. and Clocchiatti R., Reply to comment by S. Àrai on “primitive basaltic melts included in podiform chromites from the Oman ophiolite” by P. Schiano et al., Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 156, 121-123, 1998.

    Schiano P., Birck J.-L. and Allegre C., Osmium-Strontium-Neodymium-Lead isotopic covariations in mid-ocean ridge basalt glasses and the heterogeneity of the upper mantle, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 150, 363-381, 1997.

    Schiano P., Clocchiatti R., Lorand J.-P., Massare D., Deloule E. and Chaussidon M., Primitive basaltic melts included in podiform chromites from the Oman ophiolite, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 146, 489-499, 1997.

    Schiano P., Clochiatti R., Shimizu N., Maury R.C., Jochum K.P. and Hofmann A.W., Hydrous silica-rich melts in the sub-arc mantle and their relationship with erupted arc lavas, Nature 377, 595-600, 1995.

    Allegre C., Schiano P. and Lewin E., Differences between oceanic basalts by multitrace element ratio topology, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 129, 1-13, 1995.

    Schiano P. and Clocchiatti R., World-wide occurrence of silica-rich melts trapped in sub-continental and sub-oceanic mantle minerals, Nature 368, 621-624, 1994.

    Schiano P., Clochiatti R., Shimizu N., Weis D. and Mattielli N., Cogenetic silica-rich and carbonate-rich melts trapped in mantle minerals in Kerguelen ultramafic xenoliths : implications for metasomatism in the oceanic upper mantle, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 123, 167-178, 1994.

    Dupre B., Schiano P., Polve M. and Joron J.L., Variability : a new parameter which emphasizes the limits of extended rare earth diagrams, Bull. Soc. Géol. France 165, 3-13, 1994.

    Schiano P., Allegre C., Dupre B., Lewin E. and Joron J.L., Variability of trace element in basaltic suites, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 119, 37-51, 1993.

    Schiano P., Dupre B. and Lewin E., Application of element concentration variability to the study of basalt alteration (Fangataufa atoll, French Polynesia), Chem. Geol. 104, 99-124, 1993.

    Schiano P., Clocchiatti R. and Joron J.L., Melt and fluid inclusions in basalts and xenoliths from Tahaa island, Society archipelago : Evidence for a metasomatised upper mantle, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 111, 69-82, 1992.

    Joron J.L., Schiano P., Turpin L., Treuil M., Gisbert T., Leotot C. and Brousse R., Exceptional rare earth element enrichments in Tahaa volcano (French Polynesia), C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris, 313, pp. 523-530, 1991

    Schiano P., Guille G., Leotot C. and Brousse R., Mise en évidence de cycles dans les produits volcaniques aériens et subaériens de l’atoll de Fangataufa, C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris, 311, pp. 1521-1527, 1990.

    Guillou H., Bardintzeff J.M., Brousse R., Gachon G., Guille G. and Schiano P., Coexistence de laves alcalines et tholeiitiques dans le substratum de Fangataufa, Bull. Soc. Fr. Miner. Crist., Paris, 111, p. 88, 1988.

     

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