Geodynamic mechanisms of early Earth

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  • Responsable : Bouhifd Ali

    Des chercheurs du Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, appartenant aux équipes de « Géochimie » et « Pétrologie expérimentale » se sont regroupés pour former cet axe transverse. Les recherches s’organisent autour de 3 volets : (1) Matériels primitifs ; (2) Formation des grands réservoirs terrestres et fractionnements chimiques associés ; et (3) Géodynamique et environnement de la Terre primitive.

    Les objectifs principaux sont :

    (1) Reproduire le scénario physico-chimique permettant de passer des compositions météoritiques à la Terre actuelle (ex. rôle de la fugacité d’oxygène, des éléments volatils). Tenter de préciser par des mesures isotopiques, la nature du matériel accrété pour former la Terre.

    (2) Etudier les mécanismes d’accrétion (impacts, érosion collisionnelle, etc).

    (3) Préciser les coefficients de partage des éléments pour les conditions des événements de différenciation précoce (ségrégation du noyau, cristallisation de l’océan magmatique) et ainsi mieux contraindre la composition des différents réservoirs (noyau, manteau, proto-croûte).

    (4) Evaluer les changements géodynamiques au cours de l’histoire précoce de la Terre (stade océan magmatique, convection moderne, initiation de la tectonique des plaques, changement de composition de la lithosphère archéenne, environnements primitifs et apparition de la vie).

    (5) Préciser les relations Terre-Lune.

  • Chercheurs impliqués :

    Denis Andrault
    Jérôme Bascou
    Nathalie Bolfan Casanova
    Ali Bouhifd
    Maud Boyet
    Régis Doucelance
    Tahar Hammouda
    Didier Laporte
    Muriel Laubier
    Hervé Martin
    Etienne Médard
    Bertrand Moine
    Julien Monteux
    Jean-François Moyen
    Jean-Louis Paquette

     

    Doctorants :

    Vincent Clesi: «Etude expérimentale de la ségrégation des planètes telluriques : cas de la Terre et Mars ». Direction: Ali BouhifdDenis Andrault.

    Gaelle Lamarque

    Adrien Vezinet

  • Publications  :

    Rang A :

    38 publication(s) trouvée(s).

    1. Bouhifd A., Clesi V., Boujibar A., Bolfan-Casanova N., Cartier C., Hammouda T., Boyet M., Manthilake G., Monteux J., Andrault D. (2017). Silicate melts during Earth's core formation. Chemical Geology doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2016.12.035.
    2. Bouvier A., Boyet M. (2016). Primitive Solar System materials and the Earth share common initial 142Nd abundance. Nature vol.537, p.399-402, doi:10.1038/nature19351.
    3. Clesi V., Bouhifd A., Bolfan-Casanova N., Manthilake G., Fabbrizio A., Andrault D. (2016). Effect of H2O on metal–silicate partitioning of Ni, Co, V, Cr, Mn and Fe: Implications for the oxidation state of the Earth and Mars. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta vol.192, p.97-121, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.07.029.
    4. Monteux J., Arkani-Hamed J. (2016). Scaling Laws of Impact Induced Shock Pressure and Particle Velocity in Planetary Mantle. Icarus vol.264, p.246-256, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.09.040.
    5. Monteux J., Collins G.S., Tobie G., Choblet G. (2016). Consequences of large impacts on Enceladus’ core shape. Icarus vol.264, p.300-310, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.09.034.
    6. Rizo H., Walker R.J., Carlson R.W., Touboul M., Horan M.F., Puchtel I.S., Boyet M., Rosing M.T. (2016). Early Earth differentiation investigated through 142Nd, 182W, and highly siderophile element abundances in samples from Isua, Greenland. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta vol.175, p.319-336, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2015.12.007.
    7. Amit H., Choblet, G., Olson P., Monteux J., Deschamps F., Langlais B., Tobie G. (2015). Towards more realistic core-mantle boundary heat flux patterns: a source of diversity in planetary dynamos. Progress in Earth and Planetary Science p.2-26, doi:10.1186/s40645-015-0056-3.
    8. Bouhifd A., Boyet M., Cartier C., Hammouda T., Bolfan-Casanova N., Devidal J.L., Andrault D. (2015). Superchondritic Sm/Nd ratio of the Earth: Impact of Earth’s core formation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters vol.413, p.158-166, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.12.054.
    9. Boujibar A., Andrault D., Bolfan-Casanova N., Bouhifd A., Monteux J. (2015). Cosmochemical fractionation by collisional erosion during the Earth’s accretion. vol.6, p.8295, doi:10.1038/ncomms9295 |www.nature.com/naturecommunications.
    10. Boyet M., Carlson R.W., Borg L.E., Horan M. (2015). Sm–Nd systematics of lunar ferroan anorthositic suite rocks: Constraints on lunar crust formation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta vol.148, p.203-218, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2014.09.021.
    11. Cartier C., Hammouda T., Boyet M., Mathon O., Testemale D., Moine B. (2015). Evidence for Nb2+ and Ta3+ in silicate melts under highly reducing conditions: a XANES study. American Mineralogist vol.100, p.2152-2158, doi:10.2138/am-2015-5330.
    12. Marounina N., Tobie G., Carpy, Monteux J., Charnay B., Grasset O. (2015). Evolution of Titan’s atmosphere during the Late Heavy Bombardment. Icarus vol.257, p.324-335, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.05.011.
    13. Monteux J., Amit H., Choblet G., Langlais B., Tobie G. (2015). Giant impacts, heterogeneous mantle heating and a past hemispheric dynamo on Mars. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors vol.240, p.114-124, doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2014.12.005.
    14. Médard E., Schmidt M.W., Wämlle M., Keller N.S., Günther D. (2015). Platinum partitioning between metal and silicate melts: Core formation, late veneer and the nanonuggets issue. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta vol.162, p.183-201, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2015.04.019.
    15. Boujibar A., Andrault D., Bouhifd A., Bolfan-Casanova N., Devidal J.L., Trcera N. (2014). Metal-silicate partitioning of sulfur, new experimental and thermodynamical constraints on planetary accretion. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 391, 42-54. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.01.021.
    16. Cartier C., Hammouda T., Boyet M., Bouhifd A., Devidal J.L. (2014). Redox control of the fractionation of niobium and tantalum during planetary accretion and core formation. Nature Geoscience 7, 573-576. doi:10.1038/ngeo2195.
    17. Cartier C., Hammouda T., Doucelance R., Boyet M., Devidal J.L., Moine B. (2014). Experimental study of trace element partitioning between enstatite and melt in enstatite chondrites at low oxygen fugacities and 5 GPa. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 130, 167-187. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2014.01.022.
    18. Martin H., Moyen J.F., Guitreau M., Blichert-Toft J., Le Pennec J.L. (2014). Why Archaean TTG cannot be generated by MORB melting in subduction zones. Lithos 198-199, 1-13. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2014.02.017.
    19. Armytage R.M.G., Jephcoat A.P., Bouhifd A., Porcelli D. (2013). Metal–silicate partitioning of iodine at high pressures and temperatures: Implications for the Earth's core and 129⁎Xe budgets: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 373, p. 140-149. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.04.031.
    20. Bouhifd A., Jephcoat A.P., Heber V.S., Kelley S.P. (2013). Helium in Earth’s early core: Nature Geoscience, v. 6, p. 982-986. doi:10.1038/NGEO1959.
    21. Boyet M., Gannoun A.M. (2013). Nucleosynthetic Nd isotope anomalies in primitive enstatite chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 121, p. 652-666. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.07.036.
    22. Laurent O., Doucelance R., Martin H., Moyen J.F. (2013). Differentiation of the late-Archaean sanukitoid series and some implications for crustal growth: Insights from geochemical modelling on the Bulai pluton, Central Limpopo Belt, South Africa: Precambrian Research, v. 227, p. 186-203. doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2012.07.004.
    23. Laurent O., Paquette J.L., Martin H., Doucelance R., Moyen J.F. (2013). LA-ICP-MS dating of zircons from Meso- and Neoarchean granitoids of the Pietersburg block (South Africa): Crustal evolution at the northern margin of the Kaapvaal craton: Precambrian Research, v. 230, p. 209-226. .
    24. Morard G., Siebert J., Andrault D., Guignot N., Garbarino G., Antonangeli D. (2013). Density of liquid Fe-alloys at very high pressures and its implication for the Earth’s outer core composition: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 373, p. 169-178. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.04.040.
    25. OʼNeil J., Boyet M., Carlson R.W., Paquette J.L. (2013). Half a billion years of reworking of Hadean mafic crust to produce the Nuvvuagittuq Eoarchean felsic crust: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 379, p. 13-25. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.07.030.
    26. Roskosz M., Bouhifd A., Jephcoat A.P., Marty B., Mysen B.O. (2013). Nitrogen solubility in molten metal and silicate at high pressure and temperature: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 121, p. 15-28. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.07.007.
    27. Andrault D., Petitgirard S., lo Nigro G., Devidal J.L., Veronesi G., Garbarino G., Mezouar M. (2012). Solid-liquid iron partitioning in the deep Earth's mantle. Nature 487, 354-357. .
    28. Moyen J.F., Martin H. (2012). Forty years of TTG research. Lithos 148, 312-336. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2012.06.010.
    29. Rizo H., Boyet M., Blichert-Toft J., O'Neil J., Rosing M.T., Paquette J.L. (2012). The elusive Hadean enriched reservoir revealed by 142Nd deficits in Isua Archean rocks. Nature 491, 96-100. doi:10.1038/nature11565.
    30. Andrault D., Bolfan-Casanova N., Lo Nigro G., Bouhifd A., Garbarino G., Mezouar M. (2011). Solidus and liquidus profiles of chondritic mantle: Implication for melting of the Earth across its history: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 304, p. 251-259. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.02.006.
    31. Borg L.E., Connelly J.N., Boyet M., Carlson R.W. (2011). Chronological evidence that the Moon is either young or did not have a global magma ocean: Nature, 477, 70-72. doi:10.1038/nature10328.
    32. Bouhifd A., Jephcoat A.P. (2011). Convergence of Ni and Co metal-silicate partition coefficients in the deep magma-ocean and coupled silicon-oxygen solubility in iron melts at high pressures: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 307, p. 341-348. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.05.006.
    33. Laurent O., Martin H., Doucelance R., Moyen J.F., Paquette J.L. (2011). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of high-K “sanukitoids” from the Bulai pluton, Central Limpopo Belt, South Africa: Implications for geodynamic changes at the Archaean–Proterozoic boundary: Lithos, v. 123, p. 73-91. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2010.12.009.
    34. Rizo H., Boyet M., Blichert-Toft J., Rosing M. (2011). Combined Nd and Hf isotope evidence for deep-seated source of Isua lavas: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 312, p. 267-279. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.10.014.
    35. Andrault D., Muñoz M., Bolfan-Casanova N., Guignot N., Perrillat J.P., Aquilanti G., Pascarelli S. (2010). Experimental evidence for perovskite and post-perovskite coexistence throughout the whole D region. Earth and Planetary Science Letters vol.293, p.90-96, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.02.026.
    36. Boyet M., Carlson R.W., Horan M. (2010). Old Sm-Nd ages for cumulate eucrites and redetermination of the Solar System initial 146Sm/144Sm ratio, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 291, 172-181. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.01.010.
    37. Martin H., Moyen J.F., Rapp R.P. (2010). The sanukitoid series: magmatism at the Archean-Proterozoic transition. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 100, 15-33. doi:10.1017/S1755691009016120.
    38. Moynier F., Yin Q.Z., Irisawa K., Boyet M., Jacobsen B., Rosing M. (2010). A coupled 182W-142Nd constraint for early Earth differentiation. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 107, 10810-10814. doi:10.1073/pnas.0913605107.

    Rang B et C :

    1 publication(s) trouvée(s).

    1. Monteux J., Andrault D., Samuel H. (2016). On the cooling of a deep terrestrial magma ocean. Atelier Terre Primitive, Saint-Etienne, 24-25 Novembre 2016.

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