Personnel du LMV Chevrel Magdalena Oryaëlle

Chevrel Magdalena Oryaëlle

chevrel

Chargé(e) de Recherche, IRD
Équipe de Volcanologie
Axes: Volcanisme Andin - Terre Primitive -
Chargée de Recherche IRD
Bureau: 1.03 - LMV Cezeaux
Téléphone: 04.73.34.67.70
Courriel : oryaelle.chevrel@uca.fr

  • Thèmes de Recherche :

    I am a research scientist at the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), evolving around magmas, lavas and volcanoes, linking petrology, chemistry, rheology, eruption dynamics, morphological characteristics of volcanic landforms, and their impacts on society. My early research was focused on petrographic description of Archean rocks, but it quickly took a turn toward magma and lava rheology and assessing volcanic hazards. I am now working on comprehensive studies of the thermal and physical properties controlling lava flow emplacement dynamics on Earth and other planets. The aim of my current research is to provide near real time responses during volcanic crises in terms of modeling lava flow propagation. Through my research activities, I have developed skills in experimental volcanology, igneous petrology, field geology, modeling, and geographic information systems (GIS). In particular I carried out high temperature laboratory experiments to measure lava viscosity and study the influence of viscosity on final lava flow dimensions. I conducted many fieldwork campaigns in Mexico to map volcanic field and collect data on historical eruptions and evaluate the hazards. More recently I have worked on active lava flow field on Piton de la Fournaise La Réunion, developing instrument to perform in situ measurements and protocols for near real time response to volcanic crises, including remote sensing-, modeling- and field-based data. I worked in four different countries; seven different institutes and have established long term international collaborations in particular with Mexico, Ecuador, Germany and UK.

    See here about a current project ANR-LAVA (Pi A. Harris).

    See here about recent field work in Galapagos and here an interview at IRD.

    See here about my current work at Piton de la Fournaise.

     

  • Responsabilités scientifiques et administratives :

    Make good science and share it with the world.

    I am also an active member of the IAVCEI, Early-Career Network since 2015 (more info here and here)

    Elected member of the editorial committee of VOLCANICA, first diamond open access journal in Volcanology –> have a look and submit your manuscript here

  • Student Supervision

    2020 Encadrement Stage de Master Recherche : Modélisation des coulées de lave au Piton de la Fournaise avec VolcFlow. LMV, UCA, France

    2019 Co-encadrement Stage de maitrise : Remonté de péridotites par des laves basanitiques. Université La Salle et UCA, France

    2018 – 2019 Co-encadrement Master recherche : Emplazamiento de los flujos de lava de la región occidental de la cuenca lacustre de Zacapu, Michoacán. UNAM, Mexique

    2018 – 2019 Co-encadrement Master recherche  Emplazamiento de los flujos de Rancho Seco y estructuras volcánicas vecinas (Michoacán, México). UNAM, Mexique

    2018 : Encadrement d’étudiants stage de maitrise: Le rôle de la viscosité dans les modèles de coulées de lave. LMV, UCA. France

    2017-présent Participation à l’encadrement de Jean-MariePrival, doctorant : On the emplacement dynamics of highly viscous silicic lava flows. LMV, UCA, France

    2017: Invited Jury Member for Silvia Vallejo Vargas PhD defence : Numercial models of volcanic flows for an estimation and delimitation of volcanic hazards, the case of El Reventador volcano (Equateur). LMV, Universit ́e Clermont-Auvergne, France

    2017: Alexian Ajas, Master thesis:L’influence des arbres sur l’avancée d’une coulée de lave, example d’une éruption au Kilauea, Hawaii. LMV, Universit ́e Clermont-Auvergne, France

    2017 Jonas Biren, Master thesis : Interaction chimique, textural et thermique entre un arbre et une lave, l’etude de cas de Pahoa, Hawaii. LMV, Université Clermont-Auvergne, France

    2016 Nanci Reyes, Bachelor thesis : Volcanic Geology (radiometric dating, geochemistry) of the Paracho-Cheran area, Michoacan, Mexico, UNAM, Mexico

    2015 Juan-Ramon de la Fuente, Master thesis : Volcanic Geology (radiometric dating, geoche- mistry) of the Paracho-Cheran area, Michoacan, Mexico, UNAM, Mexico

    page2image8920page2image90802011 – 2012 page2image10248Lea DeBiasi, Master thesis : The complex rheology of crystallising melts. LMU, GermanyTeaching

    Teaching:

    2014-2020: Effusive volcanism (2h every year) in the General Vulcanology Course, Master Level. UNAM, Mexico

    2016 – 2017: Rock characterisation and petrology of igneous rocks (15 h), first year university level. Université Clermont-Auvergne, France

    2014-2015: Volcanology and geodynamics (22 h), undergraduate and graduate level. Science faculty of the UNAM, Mexico

    2013: Lecture and exercise on lava rheology measurements for the NEMOH Network School (one day). LMU, Germany

    2010-2012: In charge of the presentation of the high-temperature and rheological investigations lab for the international short course : Melts, Glasses and Magmas. LMU, Germany

    page2image19968

  • Publications LMV :

    Rang A :
    • Peltier A., Ferrazzini V., Di Muro A., Kowalski P., Villeneuve N., Richter N., Chevrel O., Froger J.L., Hrysiewicz A., Gouhier M., Coppola D., Retailleau L., Beauducel F., Gurioli L., Boissier P., Brunet C., Catherine P., Fontaine F., Lauret F., Garavaglia L., Lebreton J., Canjamale K., Desfete N., Griot C., Harris A., Arellano S., Liuzzo M., Gurrieri S., Ramsey M. (2021). Volcano Crisis Management at Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion) during the COVID-19 Lockdown. Seismological Research Letters DOI:10.1785/0220200212 .


    • Chevrel O., Harris A., Ajas A., Biren J., Gurioli L., Calabrò L. (2019). Investigating physical and thermal interactions between lava and trees: the case of Kīlauea’s July 1974 flow. Bulletin of Volcanology vol.81, p.6, DOI:10.1007/s00445-018-1263-8 .
    • Chevrel O., Pinkerton H., Harris A. (2019). Measuring the viscosity of lava in thefield: A review. Earth Sciences Reviews vol.196, DOI:10.1016/j.earscirev.2019.04.024 .
    • Harris A., Chevrel O., Coppola D., Ramsey M.S., Hrysiewicz A., Thivet S., Villeneuve N., Favalli M., Peltier A., Kowalski P., Di Muro A., Froger J.L., Gurioli L. (2019). Validation of an integrated satellite-data-driven response to an effusive crisis: the April–May 2018 eruption of Piton de la Fournaise. Annals of Geophysics vol.61, DOI:10.4401/ag-7972 .
    • Mannini S., Harris A., Jessop D., Chevrel O., Ramsey M.S. (2019). Combining ground- and ASTER-based thermal measurements to constrain fumarole field heat budgets: The case of Vulcano Fossa 2000-2019. Geophysical Research Letters vol.46, p.1, DOI:10.1029/2019GL084013 .
    • Ramsey M.S., Chevrel O., Coppola D., Harris A. (2019). The Influence of Emissivity on the Thermo- Rheological Modeling of the Channelized Lava Flows at Tolbachik Volcano. Annals of Geophysics vol.62, p.VO222, 2, DOI:10.4401/ag-8077 .

    • Chevrel O., Harris A., James M.R., Calabrò L., Gurioli L., Pinkerton H. (2018). The viscosity of pāhoehoe lava: in situ syn-eruptive measurements from Kilauea, Hawaii. Earth and Planetary Science Letters vol.493, p.161-171, DOI:10.1016/j.epsl.2018.04.028 .
    • Chevrel O., Labroquère J., Harris A., Rowland S.K. (2018). PyFLOWGO: An open-source platform for simulation of channelized lava thermo-rheological properties. Computers and Geosciences vol.111, p.167-180, DOI:10.1016/j.cageo.2017.11.009 .
    • Reyes-Guzmán N., Siebe C., Chevrel O., Guilbaud M.N., Salinas S., Layer P. (2018). Geology and radiometric dating of Quaternary monogenetic volcanism in the western Zacapu lacustrine basin (Michoacán, México): implications for archeology and future hazard evaluations. Bulletin of Volcanology vol.80, p.18, DOI:10.1007/s00445-018-1193-5 .

    • Mahgoub A.N., Böhne H., Siebe C., Chevrel O. (2017). Paleomagnetic study of El Metate shield volcano (Michoacán, Mexico) confirms its monogenetic nature and young age (~ 1250 CE). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research vol.336, p.209-218, DOI:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.02.024 .
    • Rhety M., Harris A., Villeneuve N., Gurioli L., Médard E., Chevrel O., Bachèlery P. (2017). A comparison of cooling-limited and volume-limited flow systems: Examples from channels in the Piton de la Fournaise April 2007 lava-flow field. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems vol.18, p.3270-3291, DOI:10.1002/2017GC006839 .

    • Di Genova D., Kolzenburg S., Vona A., Chevrel O., Hess K.U., Neuville D.R., Ertel-Ingrisch W., Romano C., Dingwell D.B. (2016). Raman spectra of Martian glass analogues: A tool to approximate their chemical composition. Journal of Geophysical Research - Planets DOI:10.1002/2016JE005010 .

    Publications:

    (most are open access so feel free to download them, if not send me an email)

    Rang A before 2016:

    Chevrel MO, M-N Guilbaud, Siebe C (2016) The AD 1250 effusive eruption of El Metate shield volcano (Michoacán, Mexico): Magma source, crustal storage, eruptive dynamics, and lava rheology. Bulletin of Volcanology, Vol. 78: 32. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00445-016-1020-9

    Di Genova D, Hess K-U, Chevrel MO, Dingwell DB (2016) Models for the estimation of Fe3+/Fetot. ratio in terrestrial and extra-terrestrial alkali- and iron-rich silicate glasses using Raman spectroscopy. American Mineralogist, Vol. 101, p. 943–952. http://ammin.geoscienceworld.org/content/101/4/943.abstract

    Chevrel MO, Siebe C, Guilbaud M-N, Salinas S (2016) The AD 1250 El Metate shield volcano (Michoacán): Mexico’s most voluminous Holocene eruption and its significance for archaeology and hazards. The Holocene, Vol.26(3) 471-488. http://hol.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/10/13/0959683615609757

    Chevrel MO, Cimarelli C, DeBiasi L, Hanson JB, Lavallée Y, Arzilli F. Dingwell DB (2015) Viscosity measurements of crystallizing andesite from Tungurahua volcano (Ecuador). Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol. 16, p. 870-889. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GC005661/full

    Chevrel MO, Baratoux D, Hess K-U, Dingwell DB (2014) Viscous flow behavior of tholeiitic and alkaline Fe-rich Martian Basalts. Geochimica and Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 124, p. 348 – 365. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703713004705

    Chevrel MO, Platz T, Hauber E, Baratoux D, Dingwell DB. (2013) Lava flow rheology: a comparison of morphological and petrological methods. Earth and Planetary Research Letters, Vol. 384, p.109 – 120. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X13005335

    Chevrel MO, Giordano D, Potuzak M, Courtial P, Dingwel DB (2013) Physical properties of CaA2Si2O8 − CaMgSi2O6 − FeO − Fe2O3 melts: analogues for extra-terrestrial basalt Chemical Geology, Vol. 346, p. 95-105. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009254112003968

    Kremers S, Hanson JB, Lavallée Y. Hess K-U, Chevrel MO, Wassermann J, Dingwell DB. (2012) Shallow magma-mingling-driven Strombolian eruption at Mt. Yasur, Vanuatu. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, L21304. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2012GL053312/full

    Nédélec A, Chevrel MO, Moyen J-F, Ganne J, Fabre S (2012) TTGs in the making: Natural evidence from Inyoni shear zone (Barberton, South Africa), Lithos, Volume 153, 15 , 25-38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0024493712002216

    Rang B et C :
    • Chevrel O. (2020). Mesurer la viscosité des laves. LAVE p.27-31, 197.

    • Barnoud A., Cayol V., Gailler L., Smittarello D., Bodart O., Dumont Q., Hrysiewicz A., Dabaghi F., Froger J.L., Peltier A., Chevrel O., Roult J., Chaput M. (2019). Towards joint modelling and inversion of surface displacements and microgravimetric temporal variations for the characterization of eruptive sources at the Piton de la Fournaise volcano. 4èmes Rencontres Scientifiques et Techniques RESIF 2019, Biarritz (64), France.
    • Barnoud A., Cayol V., Gailler L., Smittarello D., Bodart O., Dumont Q., Hrysiewicz A., Dabaghi F., Froger J.L., Peltier A., Chevrel O., Roult J., Chaput M. (2019). Towards joint modelling and inversion of surface displacements and microgravimetric temporal variations for the characterization of eruptive sources at the Piton de la Fournaise volcano. Workshop MDIS-2019 / Mesure de la Déformation par Imagerie Satellitaire, La Petite-Pierre (67), France.
    • Prival J.M., Harris A., Gurioli L., Chevrel O., Robustelli Test C., Kenderes S., Zanella E., Whittington A. (2019). A history of deformation within Pietre Cotte rhyolite flow (Vulcano). 27th IUGG General Assembly, Montréal, Canada.

    • Chevrel O., Harris A., James M., Pinkerton H., Rowland S., Gurioli L., Calabro L., Labroquère J. (2018). Constraining thermo-rheological properties of lava: from lab and field experiments to applications for modeling. Cities on Volcanoes 10, Naples, 2-7 September 2018.
    • Harris A., Chevrel O., Gurioli L., Thivet S., Coppola D., Favalli M., Peltier A., Muro A., Villeneuve N. (2018). Effusive crises at Piton de la Fournaise 2014–2018: Source term provision and quantification of uncertainty in lava flow modeling for a real time response. p.263, Cities on Volcanoes 10, Naples, 2-7 September 2018.
    • Prival J.M., Harris A., Robustelli Test C., Zanella E., Biren J., Chevrel O. (2018). Unravelling the emplacement dynamics of silicic lava flows: the case of the Grande Cascade trachyte flow (Monts Dore, France). Cities on Volcanoes, Naples, Italy, 10, Sep 2018.
    • Vallejo S., Kelfoun K., Chevrel O. (2018). Lava flow simulations with VolcFlow using simple and complex rheologies. Cities on volcanoes 10, Naples, Italie, 2-7 September.
    • Vallejo S., Ramón P., Kelfoun K., Chevrel O., Almeida M. (2018). Characterization of lava flows from an andesitic volcano as input data for numerical flow simulations, case El Reventador volcano (Ecuador). Cities on volcanoes 10, Naples, Italie, 2-7 September.

    • Chevrel O., Harris A., James M., Gurioli L., Patrick M. (2017). Measuring the viscosity of lava using a field viscometer. MeMoVolc “Uncertainty Quantification. Lava Flow Hazard Modelling and Real-Time Source Term Provision, Catania, 21-23 February 2017.
    • Harris A., Chevrel O., Gurioli L., Vlastélic I., Bachèlery P., Moune S., Morin J., Saramito P., Bernabeu N., Villeneuve N., Peltier A., Di Muro A., Calvari S., Favalli M., Coppola D., Tuffen H. (2017). La lave face à la ville: évaluation, réduction des risques et gestion des crises volcaniques effusives. 11ème édition du Workshop Interdisciplinaire sur la Sécurité Globale (WISG), Université Pierre et Marie Currie-Paris, 14-15 September.
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